โซนพืชตระกูลส้ม – EN
It consists of the following plants:
Lay down tree
English name : Lay down tree
Scientific name : Glycosmis pentaphylla
The dead tree-in-law is classified as a small semi-evergreen shrub. Has a height of about 2-4 meters, low branching from the base of the tree is a low bush. square stem Stem bark is smooth, grayish brown. Stem surface is freckled, white circles, leaves are dense, propagated by seeds, grafting and cuttings. It is a tropical plant in Asia and Australia. Can be found in India, Burma, southern China, countries in the Indochina Peninsula. Sumatra and Java In Thailand, it is found in sparse forests, mixed deciduous forests, along the edge of forests and villages. The properties of the dead-in-law
1. Leaves are boiled with drinking water as a drug to reduce blood sugar levels and cure diabetes (leaves).
2. The root has a bitter taste. It is used as an antipyretic, typhus and as an antipyretic (root).
3. Roots and leaves are boiled with drinking water as a remedy for cough and fever (roots, leaves).
4. Roots and leaves are boiled with drinking water as a remedy for dysentery (roots, leaves).
5. In Bangladesh, the juice from the leaves is mixed with sugar. Eat on an empty stomach for deworming roundworms, fever (leaves).
6. Wood, bark and roots have properties as a sap (wood, bark, root).
English name : Phlai,
Scientific name : Zingiber montanum
Plai sapling is a herbaceous plant with a height of 0.7-1.5 meters, with a rhizome underground. The bark is yellowish brown. The inner flesh is yellow to greenish yellow. Prick the shoots or artificial stems up into clumps. It consists of a leaf sheath or base overlapping. Fresh and juicy rhizomes of pistils, astringent, pungent, hot, with a specific smell, while fresh and dried rhizomes of pistils have a slightly spicy taste. Propagated by seeds, rhizomes, or rhizomes, but the rhizome is generally used for planting. This species is native to Asia in India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. It is widely grown in Kanchanaburi, Suphan Buri, Prachinburi and Sa Kaeo provinces.
English name : Shampoo ginger, Wild ginger
Scientific name : Zingiber zerumbet
The banyan tree is believed to have originated in India. Later, later spread to Asia, including Thailand. classified as a herbaceous plant The trunk is above the soil about 0.9-1.5 meters high and the rhizome is underground called. “The rhizome of the rhizome” or “The head of the rhizome” The outer bark of the rhizome is yellowish brown. The flesh is light yellow in color, aromatic, bitter, bitter, and slightly spicy. The tree will decay in the dry season and will grow again in the rainy season. Propagated by means of rhizomes, also known as tubers. It grows well in loamy soil. in the presence of sufficient humidity and the sun shines all day It can be found mainly in the south, in the evergreen forest, along the stream or the edge of the forest.
English name : Turmeric
Scientific name : Curcuma mangga Valeton & Zijp
Turmeric is a plant in the family. ZINGIBERACEAE classified in the same genus as turmeric Characteristics of white turmeric White turmeric has an oval head, about 3-4 x 2-3 centimeters, with white in the core. Tubers are pale yellow to almost white, branched rhizomes, about 1.5 cm thick, about 40-80 cm tall, white turmeric stems, leaves are single leaves, 12-15 cm wide, 30-40 cm long, long stems covering the plant. pale yellow flowers Pinkish-green ornamental petals overlap several petals. White turmeric flowers will come out as a bouquet. Long stalks stabbed from underground rhizomes. Usually blooms during the rainy season.
English name : Turmeric
Scientific name : Curcuma longa L.
Turmeric is a herbaceous plant that belongs to the ginger family. There is a rhizome underground. The inner flesh of the rhizome is yellow. has a unique fragrance They range from dark yellow to intense colours. which originated in Southeast Asia And there are other names, such as turmeric, turmeric curry, turmeric, turmeric, head turmeric, mint, depending on each region and province. It is commonly used in cooking, coloring, and flavoring food such as curry paste, curry, etc. Turmeric is rich. With many vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin C, vitamin E, calcium, phosphorus, iron and various minerals, including fiber, carbohydrates and protein, etc., and turmeric has medicinal properties that It treats a wide variety of symptoms and diseases, with a history of more than 5000 years of treatment.
English name : Galangal
Scientific name : Alpinia galanga
in the family ZINGIBERACEAE as well as Kaempferia, black galingale, red galingale, cardamom, cardamom, ginger, turmeric, Rue, Prao Pa, Prao Hom, Wan Nang Kham and Wan Rakha. In addition, galangal has other local names, such as Sa-ei-Chey, Se-er-Koi (Mae Hong Son), Kha-yuak (Northern Region), Khaluang (North-Northeastern Region), Kukkukrohinee (Central Region). Galangal is a plant that has an underground stem (rhizome) and also consists of leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds, belonging to the ginger family. It is a type of medicinal plant that is commonly used in our home and Indonesia for cooking. It is used as a spice to help flavor food. Deodorizes the fishy smell of various meats, is used as an ingredient in various curry or chili pastes, used to season various dishes such as tom kha, tom yum, stir-fried spicy, etc. In addition, the flowers and young stems can also be eaten as fresh vegetables as well.
English name : Ginge
Scientific name : Zingiber officinale
Ginger is a type of herb that is beneficial to the body in many ways because it is rich in vitamins and minerals that are very important to our body, such as vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin C, beta-carotene. Ten, iron, calcium, phosphorus, and lots of protein, carbohydrates and fiber. The benefits of ginger We can use many things. be it roots, rhizomes, stems, leaves, flowers, stalks, and fruits. benefits of ginger
1. Cure seasickness
2. Solve the problem of hair loss
3. Helps reduce flatulence
4. Relieve nausea and vomiting
5. Relieve migraines
English name : Rose apple
Scientific name : Syzygium malaccense
Chompoo Mamiao It is a perennial plant in the family Myrtaceae, with straight stems, single leaves, opposite leaves, thick and leathery. When young, red, petioles are long, flowers only branches without leaves, flowers are red, calyx is a swollen bulb. many red stamens Fresh fruit contains many seeds. pear-like fruit There are sepals attached at the end of the fruit. Dark red or purplish yellow or white to yellow, juicy flesh, white, fragrant, round, brown seeds. Distribution is found mainly in the Malay Peninsula, Java, Sumatra. The fruit is eaten fresh. Cook savory dishes such as yam by using pollen. When mature, it still has a sour taste. Popularly boiled with other fruits to have a less sour taste. Properties The bark of the stem, leaves and roots have medicinal properties, refreshing taste, high in vitamin C and calcium. strengthen bones and teeth
English name : Luna nut
Scientific name : Lepisanthes fruticosa
The jasmine tree is native to Southeast Asia. It is classified as a small to medium sized perennial plant. The height of the tree is about 4-7 meters and up to 8 meters. The bark is brown, split into grooves along the young branches and young shoots, with brown hairs. Digestion is a native fruit tree species that can be easily propagated. Good resistance to disease and insects. by propagating by seed method grows in saline soil The species is distributed naturally in sparse forests, along forest edges or along streams, at an altitude of up to 1,000 meters above sea level, and is found mainly in coastal areas. Found in every region of the country but is found in the south and the southeast properties of marigolds 1. Roots are dull, bland and slightly bitter. used as an antipyretic It is used to cure northern fever, meningococcal, plague, Sannibat fever, tremor, epistaxis (root). 2. Cure nosebleeds (roots) 3. Help relieve heat in (root) 4. Help relieve restlessness Solve the disarray (root) 5. Helps normalize the digestive tract (root).
English name : Ramontchi
Scientific name : Flacourtia indica
Wild Ta-Khop is classified as a small deciduous shrub or perennial plant. It has a height of about 2-15 meters. The canopy spreads wide. the tip of the branch is curved down The trunk and large branches have sharp thorns. Young branches have sharp thorns in the axils of the leaves. The spines are about 2-4 cm long, the older branches are usually thornless. The bark is grayish yellow with deep furrows. Distantly distributed oval-shaped air channels found in deciduous forests, sparse forests, dry evergreen forests, mixed deciduous forests, mixed deciduous forests and beach forests. as well as along the river love the outdoor area Tolerant of drought and waterlogging well. The benefits of takhop forest 1. Ripe fruit has a sweet and astringent taste. can be eaten high in vitamin C 2. Wood is used in the construction of houses. Used as various structures of the house such as house pillars, etc., or used to make agricultural tool handles. 3. Used as an ornamental plant or a shade tree.
English name : White Meranti
Scientific name : Shorea roxburghii
Phayom is native to Thailand and Asia such as Burma, Laos, Sri Lanka and the Philippines. Classified as a medium to large deciduous tree with a height of 15-20 meters, the diameter of the trunk may be up to 300 cm long, the bark is brown or dark gray. split into longitudinal grooves and thick scaly The wood is yellow to brown. The nature of the tree is a very beautiful round canopy. many branches If planted in the open air and there are no other large plants nearby, it is a beautiful tree by nature. No pruning is required. Propagated by seeds and grafting. Currently, this species of plants is beginning to decline gradually and can be found in dry and moist mixed forests. or general dry evergreen forest Every region of the country at an altitude of 60-1,200 meters above sea level and the Phayom flower is also the flower of Kalasin Province. Properties of Payom 1. Phayom properties of flowers help nourish the heart (flowers) 2. Properties of herbs Payom The flowers are mixed as an antipyretic (flower). 3. The flowers are used to make a fragrant medicine to cure the wind (flowers). 4. Properties of phayom tree help relieve diarrhea, diarrhea (bark).
English name : Indian Gooseberry
Scientific name : Phyllanthus emblica
Gooseberry is a perennial plant belonging to the family Phyllanthaceae. It is a fruit that is high in vitamin C. and has medicinal value as well Makhampom is the provincial tree of Sa Kaeo Province. There are other local names, Kantod (Khmer – Kanchanaburi), Kam Tuad (Ratchaburi), Makhampom (general), Manglu, Sanyasa (Karen – Mae Hong Son). Makhampom is the fruit with the highest vitamin C content. among all fruits because only one small tamarind Provides vitamin C 12 times higher than synthetic vitamin C and 20 times more than orange juice. It is a small-medium perennial plant, 8-12 meters tall, trunk is often bent, the outer bark is brownish-gray. smooth or relatively smooth surface The bark is bright pink. Single leaves are similar to compound leaves like tamarind leaves. Oblong-elliptic, alternately arranged, 0.25-0.5 cm wide, 0.8-12 cm long, light green, closely arranged. Leaves very short, leaf veins unclear. small flowers separated by sex But on the same branch or tree, 3-5 flower spurs, tightly packed at the end of the branch, 6 sepals, white or white flowers. Round fruit with a thickness of 1.2-2 cm. The young fruit is light green. The mature fruit is light green, relatively clear, with 6 observable longitudinal streaks. The flesh is edible, with a sour, bitter and sweet taste.
English name : lemon
Scientific name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
Suitable for bringing food seasoning makes the taste more mellow Lemon is a plant that has been with Thai people for a long time. Originated in Southeast Asia It is also a cash crop that generates income for the country. Because there is a taste that everyone will appreciate when cooking, it can be said that there is a kitchen in almost every home. besides the sour taste Used in the seasoning of food, lemon also has medicinal properties. and skin treatment and good shape as well In addition, lemon It can also be used in every part, whether it’s roots, leaves, flowers, seeds, bark, which have many medicinal properties. It is considered a kind of elixir. especially the lemon juice It also helps to take care of the skin to be radiant. help shape Used to clean furniture and It also helps to have a good appetite. medicinal properties of lemon In lemons, there are vitamins and acids that are useful for treating symptoms. and inhibit many types of pathogens with high vitamin C thus helping to treat symptoms scurvy or scurvy, expel phlegm, reduce cough, relieve tonsillitis reduce swelling of the gums and also help drive parasites Treatment of flatulence, constipation, distension, and urinary retention. Help purify and nourish blood, treat anemia. cure beriberi
English name : Giant lemon
Scientific name : Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
It is a rare ancient plant species. Native to India likes sandy loam do not like wet Can be propagated by grafting, about 3-10 meters tall, along the trunk and thorny branches. The leaves are large and have a unique aroma. Fruits are round, large, smooth skin, thick bark. The flowers are purple-white and fragrant. Ripe fruits are lemon yellow. The size of the fruit is as big as a grapefruit. Weight from 1 kg or more, with a sour and aromatic taste similar to lemon juice. But the flavor is slightly lighter than lemon. It’s a good substitute for lemon juice in cooking. have medicinal properties
English name : Bengal-Currants
Scientific name : Carissa carandas L.
Mango yawn lemon boo classified as a type of medicinal fruit The appearance of the fruit is slender red, similar to the queen tomato. As for the taste of the ripe fruit, it will be sweet and tender. But if it is not ripe, it will have a sour taste. High in iron and vitamin C When bitten, there will be a sticky rubber on the throat. Benefits of mango yawn lemon ho • The juice of the fruit can be used in cooking instead of lemon • used to make fermented fruit • used to cook many dishes such as Pad Thai, tofu with lime. yell Chili Paste with Lime Hoo Fruity forgetting to yawn, etc.
Bring up evil
English name : Bring up evil
Scientific name : Curcuma aeruginosa
Wan Mahamek is in the ginger family. (ZINGIBERACEAE) that Mahamek has other names known as Black Turmeric, Wan Turmeric (Chiang Mai), Red Garlic, Maha Mek, Red Owl, Black Ginger, Black Ginger, Blue Ginger, Wen Zhu E Zhu (Mandarin), etc. classified as a herbaceous plant Has a height of about 80-150 cm with underground rhizomes. The appearance of the rhizome is light greenish yellow. or a bluish purple Therefore, it is called “black ginger” or “blue ginger”. The length of the rhizome is about 12 centimeters in diameter, about 1.5-2.5 centimeters in diameter. The head or rhizome when stored for many years will change from purple to yellow. This species is propagated by bud separation. It grows well in sandy loam soils with good drainage, usually in sandy soils, grasslands, mixed deciduous forests and in flat forests all over the country.
English name : Pomelo
Scientific name : Citrus maxima
Classified in the citrus family (RUTACEAE) grapefruit is a fruit that originated in Southeast Asia. In that country, grapefruit is grown a lot in the west and is also classified as an important economic crop of Thailand as well. For the Chinese Grapefruit is a very important sacrifice. because there is a belief that after paying respect If the grapefruit is cut out in the middle of the dried fruit without water, it means good luck. It is also a symbol of the Chinese people who lost their lives in the salvation. Grapefruit is a fruit that has many benefits and also has medicinal properties in the treatment of various diseases because it is rich in vitamin C, which is an anti-oxidant in large quantities. and also contains other vitamins and minerals that are essential to the body of many types There are many parts that will be used to benefit. The fruit, bark, leaves and seeds are all useful. Especially the bark and fruit, which are the most useful parts.
English name : Soap Pod
Scientific name : Acacia concinna
Sompoi tree is classified as a small perennial plant or a shrub waiting to wiggle the trunk up to a height of about 3-6 meters, but does not have a hand for climbing over thousands of other trees. The vine is hard, large, the bark is brown. Young vines are reddish brown. Has velvet or short, fluffy fur. The trunk and branches have short spikes everywhere and heart-shaped ear hairs. Propagated by seeds, grafting and cuttings. It grows well in all types of soil that drains well. Likes moderate to low humidity. and likes the sun a lot More common in Southeast Asia and South Asia. It is a tree with good drought tolerance. Often found in reclaimed forests, dry evergreen forests, mixed forests, and mountain plains. and general wasteland properties root bitter taste, fever, diarrhea, early, sour taste, astringent, eye disability, leaves, sour taste, slightly astringent, expectorant, leucorrhoea or mucus in the vagina. Clear mucus in the intestine, cure dysentery, purify the menstrual blood, cure eye disease, pods, sour taste, be an expectorant, cure cough, induce vomiting, cure sticky saliva. cure skin disease Helps to eliminate dandruff and nourish hair. Bark pods. Bitter, sour and spicy taste. Appetite, bite phlegm, cure cough, cure children’s cough, flowers, sour taste, astringent and oily, complete deformed tendons.