โซนโมกมัน – EN

It consists of the following plants:

 

Cotton tree

English name : Cotton tree, Kapok tree.

Scientific name : Bombax ceiba

The opera tree or wild opera is classified as a plant in the genus Bombax. The opera tree is a wide to large perennial plant. Characteristics of the tree are oval-shaped bushes. The height of the trunk is about 15-25 meters (some say about 25-30 meters high) and the width of the canopy is about 15 meters. The trunk is straight and has thorns all over the trunk and branches. Can’t see the point clearly The sapling is light green. When old it will be dark green. Propagated by seed method. They are found in the plains and along the mixed forests. Along the foothills and hillsides with a height of about 100-600 meters above sea level, which at present is very difficult to find opera trees. There are only a few local plantings in the north.

 

 

Catecher tree

English name : Catecher tree

Scientific name : Callerya atropurpurea Benth

It is a deciduous tree in the family LEGUMINOSAE. It is a perennial plant 20–30 m tall with a dense canopy. smooth bark The skin is brown or gray with pupon. The leaves are feathery compounds. leaflets opposite There is one sub-leaf at the end of the stem. The leaf plate is oblong-lanceolate. Flowers are inflorescences at the ends of branches or leaf axils, bean-shaped, green sepals. connected to form a cup The petals are dark reddish-purple. Yellow stamens in the middle of the flower, fragrant, blooming from January to April. The fruit is a single fruit. The young fruit is flat. When the fruit is mature, the seeds are almost cylindrical. 1-3 seeds are propagated. by seed Suitable for all types of soil conditions, full sun, moderate water and humidity requirements. Native to the edge of the rainforest in the south of Thailand. utilization The fruit is used as animal feed. trunk for construction It is a royal plant for planting as auspicious for the province of Nakhon Si Thammarat.

 

 

Bilimbi

English name : Bilimbi

Scientific name : Averrhoa bilimbi

Taling Pling, sour plant When used to make food, it helps to make food taste more delicious. It is a type of tree that provides benefits that are not inferior to other types of perennial plants and with features that can be used in all proportions. From the fruit as well as the root Taling Pling is a perennial fruit tree with a small trunk about 5-15 meters high with many branching branches. The branches have soft hairs. The bark is pink, the leaves are small, slender, the base is rounded, the tip is pointed like a feather, the scaly is soft, about 1 cm wide. 2-5 cm long. The flowers are on the branches and in the panicle, dark red with 5 petals, greenish-pink, fragrant, white stamens. Fruit long, rounded, about 4-6 cm long. Diameter, width 2 cm. longitudinal lobe of the fruit The fruit is a hanging bouquet, smooth skin, green color, sour taste. When ripe, it is yellow, liquid, with long, slender, flat white seeds. It is believed to be imported from Indonesia. It is a plant that grows easily in sandy loam. Good drainage does not like waterlogging. Big trees can be planted to live in the shade. Fruits help fight cancer. Helps the stomach to digest food better.

 

 

Red sandalwood tree

English name : Red sandalwood tree

Scientific name : Adenanthera pavonina

The tamarind tree is the provincial tree of Sing Buri. The tamarind tree is a medium to large perennial plant. It is a short-lived deciduous tree. The height of the tree is up to 20 meters, the canopy spreads wide. The tree is transparent Stem bark is thick, light brown. The inner bark is soft and creamy in color. Propagated by seed. It grows well in loamy soil. Good drainage, likes full sun, can be found in deciduous dipterocarp forests and dry evergreen forests at an altitude of 50-400 m above sea level. alternately arranged Characteristics of the leaves are oval, oval, or oblong, the tip of the leaf is rounded, the flower is in a bouquet. Inflorescences are narrow, elongated, cylindrical in shape. It will bloom in the axils of the upper leaves or branching at the ends of the branches. And will bloom into a single bouquet or a bunch of bouquets together. The effect of a pod. They are about 8-12 mm wide and 15-30 cm long. The pods are green. As it matures, it splits into two seams and is twisted into a tight spiral to spread the seeds. The seeds are rather spherical, hard, glossy, and are carmine or reddish-orange.

 

 

Hog plum

English name : Hog plum

Scientific name : Elaeocarpus hygrophilus Kurz

Water olives have other local names that anchor Phiphai (Rayong), Saraphi Nam (Central), Sichang, etc. The water olive tree has a distribution area in Southeast Asia. Found around the waterfront and creeks. Currently commonly cultivated It is classified as a deciduous tree, but not at the same time. The height of the tree is about 8-15 meters, the branches are airy bushes. with longitudinal air holes Stem bark is relatively smooth, brown. There is a small, shallow groove along the length of the trunk. There are obvious wounds on the branches. Propagated by seeds and grafting. It grows well in moist areas or along the water’s edge. In Thailand, it is found in the central region. especially in moist areas and near water sources, along the waterfront, along the coast, along mangrove forests, swamp forests

 

 

Hog plum

English name : Hog plum

Scientific name : Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz

The olive tree is native to Southeast Asia. including Thailand It is classified as a deciduous perennial plant. The height of the tree is about 15-25 meters, the trunk is erect and round. canopy is a round bush branching branches often hang down bark is gray smooth thick bark There are a few buttons. and have air holes along the trunk Young branches have wound marks, leaf fall, bark, leaves and fruit are fragrant. They are often found in mixed deciduous forest, red dipterocarp forest and dry evergreen forest in every region of Thailand. Leaves are compound leaves, single-layered, odd leaves, alternately arranged, with 4-6 pairs of sub-leaves, which are arranged in pairs, opposite each other or slightly opposite each other. The appearance of the leaves is oblong. The tip of the leaf is pointed or a pointed lobe. leaf base rounded or uneven smooth leaf margins The leaf plates are quite soft. Young leaves are reddish brown. The leaves are thick and oily. smooth leaves The abdomen is smooth. The fruit is a fresh, fleshy, juicy fruit. The appearance of the fruit is oval. young fruit is green The mature fruit is yellowish-green to light yellow. dotted with yellow and black dots very sour Inside the fruit is a single, very large and hard seed. The seed surface is splintered and rough.

 

 

Curd Fruit

English name : Curd Fruit

Scientific name : Limonia acidissima

Ma Kwid has other local names that gooseberry (Northeastern region), mahid (Northern region), etc. Makwid tree originated in India, Burma, Sri Lanka and Indochina and is commonly grown in villages and gardens. and spread naturally in Malaysia and Java and Bali, Indonesia, and is being planted in California and Florida for study purposes. It is classified as a medium to large perennial plant. The height of the plant is about 15-25 cm. It is a deciduous plant, but leaves quickly. The shape of the beautiful tree It looks like a round canopy shape. The outer bark is gray. The interior is white. It is a tree that is resistant to soil and climate conditions as well. It prefers to grow in monsoons or in the tropics with periods of arid climate.
benefits of tamarind
1. Tamarind trees are planted to adjust the landscape for beauty. Suitable for planting in public areas Because it is a tree with a beautiful canopy. grow fast and strong
2. Tamarind fruit is eaten fresh. and can also be used to make juices and jams
3. The fruit can be used as food for birds.
4. The seeds can be chewed and eaten. delicious taste available
5. The rubber of the tamarind is tough. Can be used to make glue for attaching or connecting things.
6. The wood of the tamarind tree is hard wood. Can be used in technician work

 

 

Indian Gooseberry

English name : Indian Gooseberry

Scientific name : Phyllanthus emblica

Gooseberry is a perennial plant belonging to the family Phyllanthaceae. It is a fruit that is high in vitamin C. and has medicinal value as well Makhampom is the provincial tree of Sa Kaeo Province. There are other local names, Kantod (Khmer – Kanchanaburi), Kam Tuad (Ratchaburi), Makhampom (general), Manglu, Sanyasa (Karen – Mae Hong Son). Makhampom is the fruit with the highest vitamin C content. among all fruits because only one small tamarind Provides vitamin C 12 times higher than synthetic vitamin C and 20 times more than orange juice. It is a small-medium perennial plant, 8-12 meters tall, trunk is often bent, the outer bark is brownish-gray. smooth or relatively smooth surface The bark is bright pink. Single leaves are similar to compound leaves like tamarind leaves. Oblong-elliptic, alternately arranged, 0.25-0.5 cm wide, 0.8-12 cm long, light green, closely arranged. Leaves very short, leaf veins unclear. small flowers separated by sex But on the same branch or tree, 3-5 flower spurs, tightly packed at the end of the branch, 6 sepals, white or white flowers. Round fruit with a thickness of 1.2-2 cm. The young fruit is light green. The mature fruit is light green, relatively clear, with 6 observable longitudinal streaks. The flesh is edible, sour, bitter and sweet. The seed coat has 6 hard strands, and the seed contains 6 seeds.
utilization
It can be eaten to relieve colds, cough and dissolve phlegm. Contains tannins, which have an anti-oxidative effect. Antioxidant (Antioxidant) inhibits the production of melanin. and can inhibit the activity of the enzyme tyrosinase (Tyrosinase).

 

 

Madan

English name : Madan

Scientific name : Garcinia schomburgkiana

Madan herb There are other names known as Madan Orange, Orange I do not retreat, etc. Madan is a perennial, non-deciduous tree, about 7-10 meters high, branching into a bush. The appearance of the bark is smooth, blackish brown. Madan leaves are single, dark green leaves, oblong-edge, smooth margins arranged alternately. leaf base and pointed tip Smooth leaves. Madan flowers are single flowers or flower clusters of about 3-6 flowers by the axillary flowers. The flowers are yellowish-orange with a little bit of flowers, both sexes and male flowers have 4 sepals, quite round, petals have 4 petals, oval-like scams. The ends of the petals are rounded. And sex flowers have 10-12 stamens. Madan or Madan. The appearance of the fruit is oval-shaped with a pointed tip. The fruit is green, the surface is smooth, it is slippery. The fruit has a sour to very sour taste. Inside the fruit are about 3-4 seeds that stick together. The seeds are hard and rough. The results are high in vitamin C and also contain nutrients or important substances such as beta-carotene. including various minerals such as calcium, iron, phosphorus, tons

 

 

Mango

English name : Mango

Scientific name : Mangifera indica L. Var.

Light mango, or what southern people call ‘Luk Muang Bao’, is a mango that can be eaten raw, both savory and sweet. The name of the variety is called ‘light’ because it refers to agricultural produce that produces fast results. Among hundreds of mango species, ‘Bao’ is a mango that is classified as ‘Brahmin’. Light mango tree is 5-10 meters tall, leaves about 15-25 cm long, 5-7 cm wide, thin and somewhat sticky. The petiole is about 4 cm long, the flowers are inflorescences. Each flower has five petals. Light mango fruit, about 4-5 cm long, placed on an adult’s hand, there is still space left, weighing about 50-60 grams. The light mango peel is smooth, shiny, fresh green, cut into the seeds like red beans or kidneys, about 4 cm long. Light mangoes are considered very flowering and fruiting all year round. If it reaches 10 years of age, one tree will yield about 500 children and can bear fruit throughout the year.

 

 

Water jasmine

English name : Water jasmine

Scientific name : Wrightia religiosa Benth. ex Kurz

Mok Ban tree originated in Thailand. It is classified as a medium-sized, non-deciduous shrub. The height of the tree is about 1-3 meters, the canopy spreads wide. The bark is smooth, dark brown and dotted with small white spots. Branches low near the soil surface are many trunks. Every part of the tree had white latex. Propagated by seeds, cuttings and grafting. It grows well in loamy soil with good drainage. moderate humidity Likes full sun to partial shade. an outdoor plant Good resistance to heat and sunlight. Often found in humid scrubland. and in the rainforest