ไม้มงคล 8 ทิศ – EN
Auspicious wood 8 directions
Planting in the direction
Planting trees in the direction is the wisdom of the olden people in In order to plant different species of plants for use in daily sheets with the following objectives:
1. Planting trees according to belief in order to make them stay happy, have honor, dignity and prosperity or as a prevention of danger, such as planting neem to prevent evil spirits from interfering with ghosts Plant tangerines to help drive bad things
2. is a tree that is used as a vegetable plant or for cooking Flavoring the daily food of Thai people to eat as a ritual such as Sompoi used in the cremation ceremony of the northern people Bael is related to rituals and sacred ceremonies. Making holy water to exorcise Saksuk bamboo is used in foundation stone laying ceremony in various important places.
3. Almost all types of plants that are grown in the direction of the plant can also be used as medicinal plants to treat various diseases. May be used in one type or in combination with many kinds according to ancient medicine texts
4. It is the cultivation of plants to give the family aesthetics, to provide shade or fragrant flowers suitable for the countries in the hot weather.
Popular wood planted in different directions
Udon (north) Chumphon fig / Citrus poi / Oranges
Isan (northeast) Durian / Pai Ruak / Bael
Burapa (east) Sisuk bamboo / coconut
South-East (Southeast) Acacia / Mor House / Mor Pa / Sami
Thaksin (South) Takona / Tako Suan / Phlab / Mango
Rawi (Southwest) Khanun / Chaiyaphruek / Phikun / Sadao
Praim (west) Kumbok / Kum Nam / Jujube / tamarind / gooseberry
Payap (northwest) bergamot / lemon / ma speak
It consists of the following plants:
English name : White Popinac
Scientific name : Leucaena leucocephala
Krathin has other local names as Kased Khok, Kased Bok (Ratchaburi), Katong, Little Kratin Acacia, Ban Phak Kanthin (Samut Songkhram), Pak Khanthin (Chiang Mai), Nong Bok Vegetables (Northern Region). , Thai acacia, acacia house, white acacia flowers, white acacia acacia (central region), light stump, saut thed, sato ban (south), giant acacia, etc., originated in tropical America and in the islands in the Pacific Ocean. It has been imported to grow in Thailand since the Sukhothai period. Because acacia plants are easily propagated, they are common. Classified as a shrub or a small tree. It has a height of about 3-10 meters, not deciduous. The shape of the tree is an oval or round canopy. The bark is gray. and there are convex buttons of the fallen branches and propagated using seeds. It grows well in loamy soils or in well-drained clay soils. Leaves are composed of double feathers arranged alternately, about 12.5-25 cm long. Flowers are white, flower clusters are tightly clustered along the leaf axils and at the ends of branches, about 1-3 bunches.
Three leaved caper
English name : Three leaved caper, Varuna
Scientific name : Crateva religiosa G.Forst.
Kum Nam has other local names as Ho Tha (Kanchanaburi), District (Suphan Buri, Southwest), Pak Kum Kam, Phak Kam (Northeast), Rota (Lawa-Chiang Mai, North), Kum. Nam (Central), Doda (Palong), etc. Kum Nam is a medium-sized perennial plant. It is about 5-20 meters tall. The bark is quite smooth, gray in color, and leaves all the leaves falling off when flowering. They are often found along rivers, beside streams, or in wet places. in the mixed forest Or found along riverbanks in dry evergreen forests and deciduous forests with a height of 30-700 m. Kum propagates by seeds, cuttings and grafting. The leaves are compound leaves in the form of fingers. The leaf plates are quite thick. glossy green The lower leaves are lighter in color than the upper ones. Flowering in a bouquet of freckles, often at the top. One bouquet has many flowers, kumquats, or kumquats. The appearance of the fruit is round, oval, with thick bark. The fruit or bark is soft or yellowish-gray. When ripe, it will be gray. The effect on the skin is smooth.
English name : Sacred Barnar
Scientific name : Crateva religiosa
Kum Bok Herbs There are other local names as Kum, Pakkum, Kangan, Kam, Pakkham, Sabo Thangan (Northeastern region), Derm Thangan, Tangan (Khmer), etc. The Kum Bok tree in Pali language is called “The Kakutha Tree”. or “Kakudha tree”, as for Hindus, it is called “Marina”, which according to the Buddha’s history says The Buddha took the requiem cloth that wrapped the body of Nang Manphasi in the zombie cemetery (Amok Tomb) to wash and then took the requiem cloth to dry at the Kum Bok tree. By the flora deva that resides at the Kum Bok tree, they bowed the branches of the tree lower so that the Buddha would dry the robe. The Kum tree or the Kum Bok tree originated in Japan, Australia, Southeast Asia. and along islands in the South Pacific Ocean Classified as a medium-sized perennial It is about 6-10 meters tall. The trunk is gray or grayish brown. The bark is quite thick and smooth. It has thick, white, fine-grained wood, often growing in uplands and in deciduous forests. Propagated by seeds, grafting and cuttings. In Thailand, kum trees can be found in the southern and central regions such as Krabi, Chumphon, Phang Nga and Ranong.
English name : Jackfruit
Scientific name : Artocarpus heterophyllus
Some types of jackfruit have a sweet taste that can be eaten. But some varieties are tasteless and are not commonly eaten. The popular jackfruit species grown in Thailand are plum cultivars (large fruit, thick flesh, yellow champa), Thongsudjai (large, long, yellow fruit), Fahaanwan variety. (The fruit is quite round and very large. with golden yellow flesh), Champak Krob variety (medium size, sweet and sour taste yellow flesh), etc. The jackfruit tree is classified as one of the 9 auspicious plants of Thailand. Jackfruit means Helping to support the prestige, money, and wealth to be better. have supporters It is commonly planted in the back of the house on the southwest side. In addition to jackfruit, it is an auspicious tree. It is also a fruit with sweet and delicious meat as well. and can also be used to make a variety of dishes But for people with diabetes should avoid eating jackfruit or eat less because it has a sweet taste. It also has medicinal properties as well. The parts that are used as medicine to treat various symptoms are leaves, seeds, piths, dried stalks of jackfruit.
English name : Java Cassia, Pink Shower
Scientific name : Cassia javanica
It is a perennial plant in the pea family (Fabaceae) with dark pink flowers. When flowering does not leave the leaves. Clear chest can be used to make medicine. Native to Indonesia and countries in Southeast Asia, Chaiyapruek is a large deciduous tree species. With a height of about 15-25 meters, canopy-shaped, spreading, canopy, about 6-8 meters in size, bark is relatively smooth, brown. small trees have thorns Most of the trees have a transverse thorny wound. Propagated by seed method. Prefers sandy soil and full sun. Native to Indonesia and Southeast Asia Found in forests, fields, sparse forests and cultivated everywhere. Chaiyapruek is an auspicious tree. As the name implies, the Tree of Victory. Artificial leaves are used as garlands on the head. In order to honor the poets and musicians in ancient times, for Thais, many auspicious bouquets of Chaiyaphruek were decorated, such as on government officials’ epaulettes. and decorated with stars on the epaulettes and hats of soldiers and policemen.
English name : Ebony
Scientific name : Diospyros rhodocalyx Kurz
shouting herb There are other local names as Ma Than Fai Phi (Chiang Mai), Ngua (Nakhon Ratchasima), Tako Mako, Phaya Chang Dam, Phraya Chang Dam (Northern Region), Ko (Northeastern Region), Tongo (Khmer), etc. Ton Yao Kha organized. It is a small perennial plant with a bush shape with a height of about 8-15 meters. The bark is black. split into deep fissures Propagated by seed method. (Not very popular due to slow growth), grafting or digging from nature. It grows well in all types of soil. need full sun It has good drought tolerance. It was found that the distribution area from Burma to the Indochina region. In Thailand, it can be found in all regions in dry mixed forests, scrub forests and in paddy fields at heights from 40-300 meters above sea level.
English name : Ebony
Scientific name : Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.
It is classified as a medium-sized evergreen tree. It has a height of about 8-15 meters, a dense canopy. The bark is black with white streaks. The flesh in the bark is dark red. Propagated by seed method. found in the forest Mixed deciduous forest and is planted in the general farmland. a single leaf young leaves are red Characteristics of narrow, oblong leaves The tip of the leaf is quite pointed. The flowers are white to yellow. It has a light fragrance that blooms in the axillary leaves. round fruit There are scales that fall out more easily. The fruit is large, similar to the shouting fruit. but will be bigger and longer
English name : Durian
Scientific name : Durio zibethinus Murray.
Durian is considered the king of Thai fruits. It is a native plant of Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei. The characteristics of durian fruit are large, oval to round, and the bark (green to brown) is covered with hard spines. Durian fruit can be up to 15 cm in diameter. Typical weight is about 1-3 kg and the meat is eaten pale yellow to red. which will vary according to species The most popular and cultivated species is Monthong varieties, gibbons, button-thongs, and Kanyao varieties, etc. Durian is a fruit with a unique smell. The inside is like custard. It tastes like almonds. For some people say that durian smells good. But while some people see it as having a strong stench to the point of being sickening. (In Southeast Asia, durians are forbidden to be brought into hotels and public transportation.) Durian can be eaten both ripe and impulsive, depending on the taste. It can also be used to cook a variety of foods. Even the seeds are edible, but must be cooked first.
English name : Bamboo Ruak
Scientific name : Thyrsostachys siamensis
It is a relatively small bamboo. rhizomes The bracts cover the trunk tightly, do not fall off until maturity, the tops of the bracts are arranged to the end. no lobes at the end of the sheath Leaves are arranged alternately in 2 rows, drought tolerant well distributed throughout Thailand. Popular planted for wind protection or planted as a fence. Found for the first time in Thailand The species name is given in honor of Thailand. Distributed in Yunnan, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malaysia.
English name : Spiny Bamboo, Thorny Bamboo.
Scientific name : Bambusa blumeana
Is a plant in the grass family (Poaceae) distributed in Southeast Asia. It is a bamboo trunk 10-18 meters tall, 8-12 cm in diameter. The trunk is hard, smooth and oily, joints do not bulge, many branches are split perpendicular to the trunk. The spines are curved into groups of 3 each, the middle one being longer. The trunk has a small hole, thick texture, leaves 5-6 leaves at the end of the branch, the tip of the leaf is slender and pointed. The base is wedge-shaped or straight cut, the leaf plate is 0.8-2 cm wide. 10-20 cm long. Under the leaves are greenish-yellow, veins are 5-9 pairs, petioles are short, leaf margins are rough, fins are small, pubescent, flowers are inflorescences, usually about 30 years old, will bloom once. Shoots are large. covered with yellow bracts The hairs on the shoots are brown. Bamboo is auspicious name. In the past, it was commonly planted as a fence. Besides edible bamboo shoots Ripe bamboo leaves are also used as a diuretic for menstrual bleeding. The eyes of Lam Phai set fire to charcoal to cure the heat in thirst. The roots have a slightly brackish taste. It can be used as a diuretic and diuretic. The stems of ripe bamboo are tough and durable. used to make wicker Furniture and scaffolding
English name : Spanish Cherry, Tanjong tree.
Scientific name : Mimusops elengi
Pikul has other local names as Sangdong (Lampang), Pikul Khao Phikulthuan (Nakhon Si Thammarat), Phikul Pa (Satun), Kaew (Northern), Kun (Southern), Kraithong, Tanyong, Ma Mao, Phakul, Pikul. Gold, etc. Pikul tree originated in India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Indochina and the Andaman Islands. Classified as a medium to large evergreen perennial. The height of the tree is about 10-25 meters, the trunk is branched into a thick, wide bush. The bark is grayish-brown and cracks longitudinally. The whole tree has white latex. The young branches and buds are covered with brown hairs. Propagated by seeds, grafting and cutting methods. Prefers to grow in good soil, prefers full sun, tolerates flooding for up to 2 months, is abundantly cultivated in Malaysia, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Vanuatu and northern Australia. including the tropics in general
English name : jujube
Scientific name : Ziziphus jujuba
Chinese jujube herb There are other local names that Matan, Matan Luang, Nang Tom Ton (Northern Region), Bac Tan Mak Krathan (Northeastern Region), etc. It is a fruit that has been eaten for more than 4,000 years, with its origin in southern China. The jujube tree is a small, thorny perennial plant with a single seed, smooth surface. When ripe, it is yellow or some species are dark red. chinese jujube benefits Reduces the side effects of citric acid in roselle. When used to make water with roselle (fruit) and used in various dishes or processed Chinese jujube dishes such as dried dates, candied dates. Chinese Jujube Roselle Juice Chinese Jujube Ear Mushroom Soup Jujube Braised Chicken, Fried Jujube, Mung Bean Boiled Jujube Chinese Jujube Boiled Onion Chinese Jujube Goji Boiled Egg
English name : Kaffir lime, Leech lime, Mauritius papeda
Scientific name : Citrus hystrix
Bergamot is an indispensable ingredient in curry dishes. Usually, we tend to use kaffir lime leaves and kaffir lime skin as part of many types of food ingredients. in beauty and in herbal medicine It is also considered an auspicious plant that is commonly planted around the house. because it is believed to make the residents happy It will be planted in the northwest. The most important chemical found in kaffir lime is essential oil. which are both in the peel or kaffir lime skin and in the leaves The bark contains approximately 4% essential oil and the leaves contain approximately 0.08% essential oil and is harder to extract than the oil in the bark. But there is also a distinctive point in that the oil from the leaves has a more odor. Therefore, kaffir lime oil is used both from the leaves and the bark. This essential oil can be used for many purposes and has medicinal properties as well.
English name : Tamarind, Indian Date
Scientific name: Tamarindus indica
Tamarind is a perennial plant that is native to Africa and is grown in Asia. In addition, tamarind is a provincial tree in Phetchabun. And according to Brahmachat texts, tamarind is considered a kind of auspicious plant. that helps prevent bad things It is also a tree that has an auspicious name. holding together as a trick to make people fear The benefits of tamarind and tamarind properties are many. It is considered a healthy fruit that has high nutritional value and has medicinal properties as well. The part used as medicine is the flesh of the pod (tamarind), the bark of the trunk. (both fresh and dried) and seeds Can help treat many diseases, such as an expectorant. cure diarrhea relieve constipation Used as an anthelmintic, etc.
English name : Chumphon Figs
Scientific name : Ficus racemosa
Chumphon figs have other local names as figs (northern), figs, aromatic figs, figs, figs (Northeastern region), figs, figs, figs, Chumphon figs, Ku Sae fig (Southern), figs, Thai figs, Uthumphon figs. etc. Chumphon fig tree Native to the tropics of Asia. from India to China It is classified as a medium-sized perennial plant, broad canopy, dense leaves, stems about 5-20 meters tall, clean trunks, brown or grayish-brown bark. Young branches are green. The older branches are brown. The leaves are single leaves arranged alternately by branches. The leaves are oval or lanceolate, the base is rounded or round, the apex is pointed, the leaf surface is smooth or hairless, it does not fall off easily, the margins are smooth, the leaf veins are about 6-8 pairs, and the stem is about 6-10 cm long. Chumphon will bloom in a bouquet along the branches Each bouquet has a small flower cluster. Inflorescences are formed within the flower base that is shaped like a fruit. and the flowers are white and pink Characteristics of Chumphon Figs It looks like a sphere or oval. The fruit will be clustered on the tree and on the branches. beautiful hanging The young fruit is green. When ripe, it is reddish-purple. has a sweet astringent taste can eat which flowers and fruits will be out throughout the year
English name : Beal
Scientific name : Aegle marmelos
Bael is a fruit originating from India. It is an auspicious plant of Chainat province and is also considered an auspicious plant of the Hindu religion that is commonly planted in our home. It is considered the sacred tree of Lord Shiva. As for our home, we believe that Bael leaves can be used to protect against demons. wicked And Bael is also considered to be both a healthy fruit and a herbal medicine that we have known for a long time. Tree 10-15 m tall. Branches have long spines. Leaves are finger-like, with 3 sub leaves, alternate, elliptic or elliptic leaflets, lanceolate, inflorescences, panicle-like, axillary and apex of branches. Outer petals light green, fragrant, fresh fruit, oval-shaped. The flesh is greenish-yellow in color. There are 3 varieties of quince. 1. Elliptical fruit 2. The fruit is spherical like a tamarind. Small, thin skins are called quince. 3. The fruit is oval, but the rind is soft, pressed and collapsed, called soft quince. Ripe quince, edible flesh, sweet and fragrant, but the sticky rubber covering the seed has a bitter taste. The soft fruit nourishes the elements, improves appetite, expels wind, cures diarrhea.
English name : Coconut
Scientific name : Cocos nucifera
Coconuts have other local names that Dung (Chanthaburi), Poll (Kanchanaburi), Ko Sa (Mae Hong Son), Ea Ji (China), Mak Un, Mak Un (General), etc. Coconut is a perennial plant that is classified in palm family Leaves are composed of feathers. The fruit consists of the outer husk, coconut fiber, coconut shell and the last layer is the coconut flesh. in which there will be coconut water If the coconut is very old The coconut meat will absorb all the coconut water. Coconut is a very popular fruit in our country. The distinguishing feature of coconut is that all parts can be used to make a benefit. Whether it is a sweet and savory dish to maintain health and treat various diseases or diseases, including the production of coconut oil, coconut milk, sugar, and also to make various inventions to use
English name : persimmon
Scientific name : Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel
Maplab has other local names as Khaning Tha Ying (Nakhon Ratchasima), Thuan Eggplant (Sakon Nakhon), Tako Suan Plab (Phetchaburi), Tako Thai (Central), Tako Suan Persimmon, Big Maplab (commonly called), Masu. Lua (Lampang-Karen), etc. The Maplar tree is native to the rainforests of Thailand, India and Java, the island of Celebes. It is classified as a medium-sized perennial plant with a straight trunk with a height of about 8-15 meters, a dense canopy. The bark is smooth, blackish gray. Or perhaps broken into small grooves lengthwise, the wood is white. Propagated by seed method. It grows well in loamy soil. Moderate water and humidity and likes the sun Tamarind is an evergreen forest. Found in lowland forests in the buffer between land forests and mangrove forests, along the edge of swamp forests, along the canals. evergreen forest near water source grove by the sea and according to the general garden At an altitude of about 2-30 meters above sea level (other data indicates about 50-400 meters). In Thailand, it can be found in the south. In foreign countries, it can be found in Malaysia. Mapper leaves are single leaves arranged alternately. The appearance of the leaves is oblong or oblong-lanceolate. Pointed tip, blunt, leaf base rounded, leaf margin smooth. The leaves are about 2.5-8 cm wide and 10-30 cm long. The leaves are thick and the back is smooth. The abdomen is smooth but has a lighter color. Or there are some sparse hairs along the middle line below. There are about 6-12 pairs of veins, each with a curved line. enough to be seen on both sides The petiole is about 1-1.5 cm long and is sparsely hairy.
English name : Garcinia
Scientific name : Garcinia dulcis
Maphut has other local names as Crocodile Egg, Taphut, Som Pong, Somuang (Chanthaburi), Phawa Bai Yai (Chanthaburi, Chonburi), Wart (Northern Region), Wart Mahut (Northeastern Region), Cham Phut Ma Phut (Northeastern Region). Middle), Taphut, Phawa, Prahod, Prahod, Prahod, Manu (Khmer), Pa Phut, etc. The Ta Phut tree is a plant that is native to tropical Asia. Classified as a medium-sized perennial The height of the tree is about 7-10 meters (some have a height of about 15 meters). The canopy is round or oval. It is a dense canopy with erect stems and may have traces of scars. It looks like a gnarled knot. which is caused by the general fall of the branches by branching into a sparse bush The stem will break from the stem quite often. and the bark of the trunk is dark brown, smooth and shallow furrows along the length of the trunk. When the bark is wounded, a white, yellow rubber seeps out. Propagated by seed and using seedlings. There is a distribution area in the rainforest. and along the creek or waterfront areas in mixed deciduous forest It is found mostly in the southeast of the country. and in the border areas of Surin and Sisaket provinces Internationally, it can be found in the Philippines, Java, Laos, Cambodia and Borneo.
English name : Mango
Scientific name : Mangifera indica
Mango is a perennial plant that originated in India. And is considered the national fruit of India. In Thailand, mangoes are classified as economic fruit, which is the 3rd largest exporter in the world. For mango varieties, there are many varieties. The most prevalent species are seen as Kheow Sawoey, Rhino, Nam Dok Mai, Ok Rong, Lightning, Chok Anan, etc. Each species will have different tastes and characteristics. The benefits of mangoes that we see on a regular basis would not go beyond being eaten as fresh fruit, both raw and ripe. Or have to make various snacks, such as stir-fried mango, glass mango, compote. Sweet Fish Sauce Mango Mango sticky rice, mango pie and used for cooking, such as adding chili paste, spicy salad, papaya salad. Young shoots or young fruits can also be used to cook instead of vegetables.
English name : Star Gooseberry
Scientific name : Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels
Gooseberry is a small to medium sized perennial plant. The bark of the trunk is rough, grayish brown. Gooseberry leaves are compound leaves. There are alternately arranged in 2 rows. The appearance of the fruit when soft is green. But if old, it will be yellow or yellowish white. very juicy meat The fruit has a round, brown seed, 1 seed for the taste is sweet and astringent. Gooseberry has both male and female. The distinguishing feature of the male plant is that it is fully in bloom but does not bear children. The female gooseberry has less flowers. In medical practice, male gooseberries are used mainly as leaves and roots. because it has medicinal properties that are somewhat higher than that of female gooseberries for the belief in the royal textbook of Brahmachat Specified that the gooseberry is planted in the west. It will help prevent bad things from getting invaded. and believed that the gooseberry is an auspicious tree This is similar to the word “popularity” which believes that growers will have great mercy.
English name : Great morinda
Scientific name : Morinda citrifolia.
It is a native plant in southern Polynesia. then spread to other areas, Malay called megadu In the islands in the Pacific Ocean they are called Nonu. perennial square tree smooth bark dark green leaves A bouquet of flowers in axillary leaves. The peduncles are tightly joined together into a spherical shape. Fruits are elongated and oval when pale green. When ripe, it turns off white, soft texture, spicy flavor, strong smell, contains many seeds, dark brown color. Fresh leaves are used to wash hair, get rid of lice. Old fruit contains asperuloside to relieve nausea and vomiting. And anthroquinone helps to drive parasites, relieve flatulence, indigestion. In Polynesia, the young fruit, leaves and roots are used to treat menstrual disorders. gastrointestinal irritation, diabetes, liver disease and urinary tract infections Orang Asli people in the state of Perak Malaysia Use juice from the jaundice treatment effect. The roots are used to dye them red or light brown. the bark gives a red color The flesh in the yellow bark is used to dye batik. In Hawaii, yellow is extracted from the yor root and used to dye fabrics. The oil is extracted from the yam seeds. which has a lot of linoleic acid Apply to reduce inflammation and reduce acne. Ripe noni is eaten by dipping it with chili and salt or minced meat, but stirred with sugar. Yom leaves used to support Homok, Yom leaves curry, Fish curry with turmeric, Yom leaves. Boiled Vegetables with Chili Paste
English name : yo pa
Scientific name : Morinda eliptica
Yo Pa Herbs have other local names as Kui (Phitsanulok), hold children watching movies (Saraburi), Salak Pa Salak Luang (North), Kamudu (Malay), Ku (Karen-Kanchanaburi), etc. perennial The height of the plant is about 5-10 meters and may be up to 15 meters tall, the trunk is erect, the canopy is oval. Branches tend to bend and break easily. The surface of the branches has a lot of knots. The bark is grayish brown. The thick bark is broken into longitudinal and parallel grooves. Or broken into small square scabs, inflorescences and leaves are densely combined at the ends of the branches. Propagated by seed method. or how to root the seedlings Found in deciduous and mixed deciduous forests in general.
English name : Som za
Scientific name : Citrus × aurantium
Somsa is a medium-sized perennial plant. has thorns along the trunk Reduced assembly Leaves a single sub-leaf. Leaves thick, glossy, with oil glands everywhere. Petiole with wings, white flowers, fragrant, round fruit, similar in size to a lemon, thick bark, brownish-green outer bark. jagged bark The pulp resembles a grapefruit. sweet and sour taste Use the skin to flavor food such as crispy noodles, fish nam, and the juice from the fruit is used to flavor sour food. Used as a cough medicine, biting phlegm, used as a medicinal water
English name : Som poi
Scientific name : Acacia concinna
Sompoi tree is classified as a small perennial plant or a shrub waiting to wiggle the trunk up to a height of about 3-6 meters, but does not have a hand for climbing over thousands of other trees. The vine is hard, large, the bark is brown. Young vines are reddish brown. Has velvet or short, fluffy fur. The trunk and branches have short spikes everywhere and heart-shaped ear hairs. Propagated by seeds, grafting and cuttings. It grows well in all types of soil that drains well. Likes moderate to low humidity. and likes the sun a lot More common in Southeast Asia and South Asia. It is a tree with good drought tolerance. Often found in reclaimed forests, dry evergreen forests, mixed forests, and mountain plains. and general wasteland Flowering in clusters, spherical in shape. It is issued at the end of the branches or in the axils of the stems, about 1-3 inflorescences per joint. Fruits are pods. The appearance of the pods is oblong, flat, long, the pod surface is wavy, wavy, according to the seeds. The tip of the pod has a pointed tail. The pods are thick, the skin of the pods is very rough or wrinkled when dry. It will bear fruit during May to October. The pods contain up to 20% saponins. When beaten with water, they form bubbles.
English name : Neem
Scientific name : Azadirachta indica
Neem herbs have other local names as neem, Ban Neem (central region), salium (Northern region), dandelion, kadum (Southern), Jandang Jatang (tribute), vegetable salem (Tai Lue), Lam Dao (Lua), Sariam (Khmu), Tam Moh (Red Karen), Quinine (General), Indian Neem (Bangkok), Gadao, Dao, Dao, etc. They can be found everywhere in the dry forests of the country. India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand. In Thailand, there are natural distribution zones. In dry mixed forests and red forests throughout the country, the neem tree is a medium to large sized plant. with a height of about 20-25 meters. The roots are strong, spacious and profound. The bark of the trunk is quite thick. It is brown-gray or gray-black. The bark is split into shallow grooves or long scaly, alternating indentations along the length of each tree. The bark of the branches is relatively smooth. and the wood is dark red mixed with brown The splinter is somewhat confused, narrow, streaky, coarse-grained, shiny. is durable The wood core is reddish brown. It is very strong and durable.
English name : Negkassar
Scientific name : Mammea siamensis
It is classified as a plant that is native to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina and Peninsular Malaysia. Saraphi is a medium-sized evergreen tree. with a height of about 10-15 meters, the canopy is a dense canopy spreading branches Stem bark is grayish brown to black. split into scaly cuticles throughout the trunk The inner bark is reddish brown. It has a creamy or slightly pale yellow rubber. The wood is reddish brown, fine texture, straight grain, frequent and consistent, hard and quite durable, can be sawn, cut and planed easily. Propagated by seeds and grafting. It grows well both indoors and outdoors. Can be grown in any soil like loam It needs moderate water and humidity. Usually found in mixed deciduous forest and in the rainforest in the north, the east and the southeast. at an altitude of about 20-400 meters above sea level